1. Vital Statistics
Born: 28 August 1928, Seattle, Washington
Present Position: Professor Emeritus
Department of Atmospheric Sciences
(College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences)
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon 97331
E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
(1942-1946) - Lincoln High School, Portland, OR
B.S. (1950) - Physics, Stanford University
B.S. (2nd) (1951) - Meteorology, University of California at Los Angeles
M.S. (1956) - Meteorology, University of Washington
Ph.D. (1959) - Meteorology, University of Washington
3. Professional Employment
1951-1955: Line Officer; Special Weapons Electrical Officer, U.S. Navy
1955-1958: Research and Teaching Assistant, University of Washington
1958-1959: Acting Instructor, Meteorology, University of Washington
1959-1962: Senior Scientist, Air-Sea Interface, University of Washington
1962-1978: Senior Scientist, National Center for Atmospheric Research,
1974-1978: Head, Small Scale Analysis and Prediction Project,
National Center for Atmospheric Research
1978-1986: Research Professor, Department of Atmospheric Sciences,
Oregon State University
1986-: Professor Emeritus, Oregon State University
4. Other Professional Employment
1966-1967: One year at University of Washington, teaching meteorology
1970-1971: Six-month sabbatical at UCLA working on boundary-layer parameterization
1973-1974: Seven month leave of absence at University of Stockholm, Sweden
(International Meteorological Institute) to work on parameterization
of effects of scattered cumulus clouds on the subcloud layer
1980-1983: Co-editor (one of several), Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
1982-1987: Assoc. Editor, Boundary-Layer Meteorology
5. Professional Affiliations, Honors or Awards
1971 - Editorial Award, American Meteorological Society
1972 - Publications Award, National Center for Atmospheric Research
1973 - Elected a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society
1974 - Second Half-Century Award for furthering "our understanding of turbulent
processes in the planetary boundary layer through analytical studies and
highly original numerical and laboratory experiments," American
1978 - Rossby Research Medal, American Meteorological Society.
1986 - Was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of
6. Publications in Reviewed Literature
1958: The average slope of the surface wind, J. Meteor., 15, 334-335.
1958: Vertical distribution of wind speed, temperature and humidity above a water
surface, J. Marine Res. 17, 141-157 (R.G. Fleagle, J.W. Deardorff, and F.J. Badgley).
1961: On the direction and divergence of the small-scale turbulent heat flux,
J. Meteor. 18, 540-548.
1961: Evaporation reduction by natural surface films, J. Geophys. Res. 66,
1961: Local evaporation from a smooth water surface, J. Geophys. Res. 66,
1962: Satellite cloud photos and large-scale vertical motion, J. Appl. Meteor.
1963: On the stability of viscous plane Couette flow, J. Fluid Mech. 15,
1964: A numerical study of two-dimensional parallel-plate convection, J. Atmos.
Sci. 21, 419-438.
1965: Gravitational instability between horizontal plates with shear, Phys.
Fluids 8, 1027-1030.
1965: A numerical study of pseudo three-dimensional parallel-plate convection,
J. Fluid Mech. 22, 419-435.
1965: The effect of two-dimensionality on the suppression of thermal turbulence,
J. Fluid Mech. 23, 337-353 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1965: Measurements on the development of thermal turbulence in air between
horizontal plates, Phys. Fluids, 8, 2225-2229 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1966: The countergradient heat flux in the lower atmosphere and in the laboratory,
J. Atmos. Sci. 23, 503-506.
1967: Investigation of turbulent thermal convection between horizontal plates,
J. Fluid Mech. 28, 675-704 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1967: Development of short-period temperature fluctuations in thermal convection,
Phys. Fluids, 10, 931-937 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1967: Empirical dependence of the eddy coefficient for heat upon stability above
the lowest 50m, J. Appl. Meteor. 6, 631-643.
1967: The free-convection temperature profile, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.
93, 166-175 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1967: Comment on paper by G.E. Harbeck, Jr., 'A note concerning the eddy transfer
coefficients of momentum and water vapor under near-adiabatic conditions,'
Water Resources Res. 3, 909-910.
1967: Confirmation and renumbering of the discrete heat flux transitions of Malkus,
Phys. Fluids, 10, 1861-1866 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1967: Aerodynamic theory of wave growth with constant wave steepness, J.
Oceanog. Soc. Japan 23, 12-30.
1968: Dependence of air-sea transfer coefficients on bulk stability, J. Geophys.
Res. 73, 2549-2557.
1968: Examination of numerically calculated heat fluxes for evidence of a
supercritical transition, Phys. Fluids, 11, 1254-1256.
1968: On the distinction between 'total' heat flux and eddy heat flux, J. Atmos.
Sci. 25, 521-522 (J.W. Deardorff and J.A. Businger).
1969: Laboratory investigation of non-steady penetrative convection, J. Fluid
Mech. 35, 7-31 (J.W. Deardorff, G.E. Willis, and D.K. Lilly).
1969: Numerical study of heat transport by internal gravity waves above a growing
unstable layer, Phys. Fluids Suppl. II 184-194.
1969: Similarity principles for numerical integrations of neutral barotropic
planetary boundary layers and channel flows, J. Atmos. Sci. 26, 763-767.
1970: A numerical study of three-dimensional turbulent channel flow at large
Reynolds numbers, J. Fluid Mech. 41, 453-480.
1970: Convective velocity and temperature scales for the unstable planetary
boundary layer and for Rayleigh convection, J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 1211-1213.
1970: Lagrangian statistics from numerically integrated shear flow, Phys.
Fluids 13, 584-595 (J.W. Deardorff and R.L. Peskin).
1970: The oscillatory motions of Rayleigh convection, J. Fluid Mech. 44,
661-672 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1970: Discussion of paper by V.H. Regener and L. Aldaz, 'Turbulent transport near
the ground as determined from measurements of the ozone gradient,' J. Geophys
Res. 75, 4184-4186.
1970: A three-dimensional numerical investigation of the idealized planetary
boundary layer, Geophys. Fluid Dynamics l, 377-410.
1970: Preliminary results from numerical integrations of the unstable planetary
boundary layer, J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 1211-1213.
1970: A forum for post-clarification of discussions at AMS meetings? (Letter to the
Editor), Bulletin, Amer. Meteor. Soc. 51, 435.
1971: On the magnitude of the subgrid scale eddy coefficient, J. Comp. Phys.
1971: Comments on 'Observational studies in the atmospheric boundary layer' by R.H.
Clarke, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 97, 760-761.
1972: Parameterization of the planetary boundary layer for use in general
circulation models, Mon. Wea. Rev. 100, 93-106.
1972: Roll-diameter dependence in Rayleigh convection and its effect upon the heat
flux, J. Fluid Mech. 59, 351-357 (G.E. Willis, J.W. Deardorff, and R.C.J.
1972: Numerical investigation of neutral and unstable planetary boundary layers,
J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 91-115.
1972: Theoretical expression for the countergradient vertical heat flux, J.
Geophys. Res. 77, 5900-5904.
1972: Comments on 'A comparison of circulations in transverse and longitudinal
planes in an unstable planetary boundary layer' by J.K. Angell, J. Atmos. Sci.
1972: Computer methods for simulation of multidimensional, nonlinear subsonic,
incompressible flow, J. Heat Transfer 94, 337-346 (D.G. Fox and J.W.
1973: Note on a paper by D.R. Caldwell, C.W. Van Atta and K.N. Helland
(concerning a laboratory study of the Ekman layer), Geophys. Fluid Dynamics
1973: The use of subgrid transport equations in a three-dimensional model of
atmospheric turbulence, J. Fluid Eng. 95, 429-438.
1973: An explanation of anomalously large Reynolds stresses within the convective
planetary boundary layer, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 1070-1076.
1974: Differences between eddy coefficients for instantaneous and continuous
vertical diffusion into the neutral surface layer, Boundary-Layer Meteor. 5,
1974: Computer and laboratory modeling of the vertical diffusion of non-buoyant
particles in a mixed layer, Advances in Geophysics 18B, 187-200 (J.W. Deardorff
and G.E. Willis).
1974: Comment on a paper by A.K. Betts, 'Non-precipitating cumulus convection and
its parameterization,'Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. l00, 122-123 (J.W.
Deardorff, G.E. Willis, and D.K. Lilly).
1974: Stability functions for the boundary layer resistance laws based upon
observed boundary layer height, J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1324-1325 (J.W. Melgarejo
and J.W. Deardorff).
1974: Three-dimensional numerical study of the height and mean structure of a
heated planetary boundary layer, Boundary-Layer Meteor. 7, 81-106.
1974: Three-dimensional study of turbulence in an entraining mixed layer,
Boundary-Layer Meteor. 7, 199-226.
1974: Similarity theory for the planetary boundary layer of time-dependent height,
J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1449-1452 (S.S. Zilitinkevich and J.W. Deardorff).
1974: A laboratory model of the unstable planetary boundary layer, J. Atmos.
Sci. 31, 1297-1307 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1974: Reply (to Pasquill and Smith), Boundary-Layer Meteor. 7, 229-230.
1975: Comments on 'On the interaction between the subcloud and cloud layers in
tropical regions' by Y. Ogura and H.-R. Cho, J. Atmos. Sci. 32, 2363-2364.
1975: A parameterization of diffusion into the mixed layer, J. Appl. Meteor.
14, 1451-1458 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1975: Reply (to Arya and Wyngaard (1974)), J. Atmos. Sci. 32, 840 (S.S.
Zilitinkevich and J. W. Deardorff).
1975: Revision to 'Stability functions for the boundary-layer resistance laws',
J. Atmos. Sci. 32, 837-839 (J.W. Melgarejo and J.W. Deardorff).
1976: Usefulness of liquid-water potential temperature in a shallow-cloud model,
J. Appl. Meteor. 1, 98-102.
1976: On the entrainment rate of a stratocumulus-topped mixed layer, Quart. J.
Roy. Meteor. Soc. 102, 563-582.
1976: Discussion of 'Thermals over the sea and gull flight behavior' by A.H.
Woodcock, Boundary-Layer Meteor. 10, 241-246.
1976: Island wind shadows observed by satellite and radar, Bull. Amer. Meteor.
Soc. 57, 1241-1242.
1976: A laboratory model of diffusion into the convective planetary boundary layer
Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 102, 427-445 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1976: On the use of Taylor's translation hypothesis for diffusion in the mixed
layer, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 102, 817-822 (G.E. Willis and J.W.
1977: Subgrid-scale condensation in models of nonprecipitating clouds, J.
Atmos. Sci. 34, 345-355 (G. Sommeria and J.W. Deardorff).
1977: A parameterization of ground-surface moisture content for use in atmospheric
prediction models, J. Appl. Meteor. 16, 1182-1185.
1977: Comments on 'The effect of variable surface albedo on the atmospheric
circulation in desert regions.' J. Appl. Meteor. 17, 560 (Sherwood B. Idso and J.W.
1977: Workshop on stability classification schemes and sigma curves,
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 58, 1305-1309 (S.R. Hanna, G.A. Briggs, J.W. Deardorff,
B.A. Egan, F.A. Gifford, F. Pasquill).
1978: Efficient prediction of ground surface temperature and moisture with
inclusion of a layer of vegetation, J. Geophys. Res. 83, 1889-1903.
1978: A laboratory study of dispersion from an elevated source within a modeled
convective planetary boundary layer, Atmos. Environ. 12, 1305-1311 (G.E.
Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1978: Reply to Panofsky, Atmos. Envir. 12, 2036 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E.
1978: Closure of second- and third-moment rate equations for diffusion in
homogeneous turbulence, Phys. of Fluids, 21, 525-530.
1978: Summary of recommendations made by the AMS Workshop on Stability
Classification Schemes and Sigma Curves, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 59,
1025-1033 (J.R. Hanna, G.A. Briggs, J.W. Deardorff, B.A. Egan, F.A. Gifford
and F. Pasquill).
1979: Prediction of mixed layer entrainment for realistic capping inversion
structure, J. Atmos. Sci. 36, 424-436.
1979: Laboratory observations of turbulent penetrative-convection planforms, J.
Geophys. Res. 84, 295-302, (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1980: Cloudtop entrainment instability, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 131-147.
1980: Comments on 'Marine stratocumulus convection. Part 1: Governing equations and
horizontally homogeneous solutions,' J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 481-482
(J.W. Deardorff and J. Businger).
1980: The boundary-layer growth equations with Reynolds averaging, J. Atmos.
Sci. 37, 1405-1409 (J.W. Deardorff and E.W. Peterson).
1980: Stratocumulus-capped mixed layers derived from a three-dimensional model,
Bound.-Layer Meteor. 18, 495-527.
1980: Laboratory studies of the entrainment zone of a convectively mixed layer,
J. Fluid Mech. 100, 41-64 (J.W. Deardorff, G.E. Willis, and B.H. Stockton).
1980: Comments on 'A numerical investigation of mixed-layer dynamics.' J. Phys.
Oceanogr. 10, 1695-1696.
1981: A laboratory model of dispersion from a source in the middle of the
convectively mixed layer, Atmos. Environ. 15, 109-117 (G.E. Willis and
1981: On the distribution of mean radiative cooling at the top of a stratocumulus-
capped mixed layer, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 107, 191-202.
1981: Further considerations on the Reynolds average of the kinematic boundary
condition. J. Atmos. Sci. 38, 659-661.
1982: Dependence of mixed-layer entrainment on shear stress and velocity jump,
J. Fluid Mech. 115, 123-149 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1982: Ground-level concentrations due to fumigation into an entraining mixed layer.
Atmos. Environ. 16, 1159-1170 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1982: Investigation of the frozen-turbulence hypothesis for temperature spectra in
a convectively mixed layer. Phy. Fluids 25, 21-28 (J.W. Deardorff and
1982: Numerical study of terrain-induced mesoscale motions in a mixed layer. J.
Atmos. Sci. 39, 2464-2476 (Y.-J. Han, K. Ueyoshi and J.W. Deardorff).
1982: A numerical simulation of an atmospheric vortex street. Tellus 34,
555-556 (P.H. Ruscher and J.W. Deardorff).
1982: On the dichotomy in theoretical treatments of the atmospheric boundary layer
J. Atmos. Sci. 39, 2096-2098 (J.W. Deardorff and L. Mahrt).
1982: Further considerations on modeling the sea breeze with a mixed-layer model.
Mon. Wea. Rev. 110, 757-765. (R.A. Anthes, D. Keyser and J.W. Deardorff).
1983: Comment on 'A potential flow model of turbulence caused by breaking surface
waves'. J. Geophys. Res. 88, 2710.
1983: Authors' reply to comments on ground-level concentrations due to fumigation
Atmos. Environ. 17, 1030-1032 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1983: A multi-limit mixed-layer entrainment formulation. J. Phys. Oceanog.
1983: Comments on 'The daytime planetary boundary layer; a new interpretation of
Wangara'. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 109, 677-681.
1983: On plume rise within a convective boundary layer, Atmos. Environ. 17,
2435-2447 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1983: Comments on 'A diagnostic model for estimating winds at potential sites for
wind turbines'. J. Climate and Appl. Meteor. 22, 1312 (J.W. Deardorff and Y.-J. Han).
1984: On the use of an annulus to study mixed-layer entrainment. J. Fluid Mech.
142, 97-120 (J.W. Deardorff and S.-C. Yoon).
1984: Groundlevel concentration fluctuations from a buoyant and a non-buoyant
source within a laboratory convectively mixed layer. Atmos. Environ. 18, 1297-1309
(J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1984: Numerical study of terrain-induced mesoscale motions and hydrostatic form
drag in a heated, growing mixed layer. J. Atmos. Sci. 41, 1420-1441 (J.W.
Deardorff, K. Ueyoshi, and Y.-J. Han).
1985: Further results from a laboratory model of the convective planetary boundary
layer. Boundary-Layer Meteor. 32, 205-236.
1985: Sub-grid-scale turbulence modeling. In Adv. in Geophys. 28B, 337-343.
1985: Comments on 'Transilient turbulence theory, Part I'. J. Atmos. Sci.
1985: Laboratory experiments on diffusion: The use of convective mixed-layer
scaling, J. Climate and Appl. Meteor. 24, 1143-1151.
1985: Authors' reply to 'Ground-level concentration fluctuations from a buoyant and
a non-buoyant source...'. Atmos. Envir. 18, 1212-1213.
1985: Book Review of Large-Eddy Simulation: Guidelines for its Applications to
Planetary Boundary Layer Research, J.C. Wyngaard, ed., Bull. Amer.
Meteor. Soc. 66 (Dec).
1986: Comments on 'Radiative cooling near the top of a cloudy mixed layer,'
Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 112, 273-275.
1987: Buoyant plume dispersion and inversion entrapment in and above a laboratory
mixed layer. Atmos. Envir. 21, 1725-1735 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1987: Turbulence within a baroclinic laboratory mixed layer above a sloping
surface, J. Atmos. Sci. 44, 772-778 (with G.E. Willis).
7. Other Publications and Reports
1973: Three-dimensional numerical modeling of the planetary boundary layer, in
Workshop on Micrometeorology (Duane A. Haugen, editor), American Meteorol.
Society, Boston, 14-18 August, Science Press, 277-311.
1974: Rate of growth of the nocturnal boundary layer, in Proc. of Symposium on
Air Pollution, Turbulence and Diffusion, December 1971, Las Cruces, New
Mexico (H.W. Church and R.E. Luna, editors), 183-190.
1974: Computer and laboratory modeling of the vertical diffusion of non-buoyant
particles in a mixed layer, in Turbulent Diffusion in Environment Pollution
(R.N. Frenkiel and R.E. Munn, editors), Academic Press, New York/London (J.W.
Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1974: Physical modeling of diffusion in the mixed layer, in Proc. of Symposium
on Atmospheric Diffusion and Air Pollution, American Meteorological Society,
Santa Barbara, California, 9-13 September (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1974: Means by which the planetary boundary layer affects the free troposphere, in
Subsynoptic Extratropical Weather Systems: Observations, Analysis, Modeling
and Prediction, Vol. II, Proc. ASP/SSAPP Summer Colloquium, NCAR,
Boulder, Colorado, 670-682.
1975: The development of boundary-layer turbulence models for use in studying the
severe storm environment, in Open Sesame, Proc. of Mtg. at Boulder, 4-6 September
(D.K. Lilly, editor) NOAA/ERL, Boulder, Colorado, 251-264.
1975: Laboratory simulation of the convective planetary boundary layer, in
Atmospheric Technology 7, National Center for Atmos. Research, 30-86 (G.E.
Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1975: Boundary layer data from a numerical integration in three dimensions;
manuscript available from authors (J.W. Deardorff and Margaret Drake).
1976: Clear and cloud-capped mixed layers: their structure and growth, numerical
simulation, and parameterization. In Proc. of the European Center for Medium Range
Weather Forecasts Seminar Series: Treatment of the Boundary Layer in Numerical
Weather Prediction, 6-10 September, Bracknell, England.
1976: Neglect of downstream diffusion--how good an assumption for the daytime mixed
layer? Preprints, American Meteorological Society Third Symposium on Atmospheric
Turbulence, Diffusion and Air Quality, Raleigh, North Carolina, 19-22 October,
255-258 (J.W. Deardorff and G.E. Willis).
1976: Visual observations of horizontal planforms of penetrative convection paper
for Third Symposium on Atmospheric Tubulence, Diffusion and Air Quality, Raleigh,
North Carolina, 19-22 October, 9-12 (G.E. Willis and J.W. Deardorff).
1978: Different approaches toward predicting pollutant dispersion in the boundary
layer, and their advantages and disadvantages, in Symp. on Boundary Layer Physics
Applied to Specific Problems of Air Pollution. Swedish Meteorological and
Hydrological Institute (S.M.H.I), Norrköping, Sweden, 19-23 June.
1980: Progress in understanding entrainment at the top of a mixed layer, in
Workshop on the Planetary Boundary Layer, Boulder, Colorado, 14-18 August,
1978, American Meteorological Society, Boston, Massachusetts (J.C. Wyngaard,
1981: How time dependence and variable Froude number can explain more rapid
entrainment of the two-layer system in annulus experiments, in Third Symp.
on Turbulent Shear Flows, University of California, Davis, September 9-11,
1981: Modeling fumigation in a laboratory mixed layer, in Fifth Symp. on
Turbulence, Diffusion and Air Pollution, Atlanta, Georgia, March 9-13,
American Meteorological Society, 157-158.
1982: Simulation of terrain effects using a mesoscale mixed-layer model, in
Proc. 10th IMACS World Congress on Systems Simulation and Scientific
Computation, Montreal, Canada, August 8-13, 195-196.
1983: Concentration fluctuations within buoyant and non-buoyant laboratory
plumes, in Sixth Symp. on Turbulence and Diffusion, Amer. Meteor. Soc.,
Boston, March 22-25, 237-240.
1983: Dependence of laboratory mixed-layer entrainment rates upon interfacial
turbulence and stability, in Sixth Symp. on Turbulence and Diffusion,
Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, March 22-25, 321-324.
1984: Upstream diffusion in the convective boundary layer with weak or zero mean
wind, in Fourth Joint Conf. on Applications of Air Pollution Meteorology
Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, October 16-19, 4-7.
1985: Review of "Large-Eddy Simulation: Guidelines for its application to planetary
boundary layer research," J.C. Wyngaard, ed., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 66, 1552.
1987: Notice of 1986 retirement. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 68 (Oct.), 1295.
1988: Concentration fluctuations within a laboratory convectively mixed layer, in Lectures in Air Pollution Modeling, 357-384 (Chap. 8), A. Venkatram and J.C.
Wyngaard, eds.; Boston, Amer. Meteor. Soc. (with G.E. Willis).
1986: Possible extraterrestrial strategy for Earth. Quart. J. Roy. Astron.
Soc. 27, 94-101.
1987: Examination of the embargo hypothesis as an explanation for the Great
Silence. J. British Interplanetary Soc. 40, 373-379.
1987: Extraterrestrial Communications. J. Communication 37, 181-184.
1990: Celestial Teachings: Emergence of the True Testament of Jmmanuel (Jesus).
Mill Spring, NC: Wild Flower Press. 1-800-366-0264.
1992: The Problems of New Testament Gospel Origins. Lewiston, NY: Mellen
Press (Mellen University Research Press; see www.mellenpress.com).
1994: Jesus in India: A Reexamination of Jesus' Asian Traditions
in the Light of Evidence Supporting Reincarnation.
Bethesda, MD: International Scholars Publications.
2001: Opinions and comments on W.C. Levengood and N.P. Talbott (1999)
'Dispersion of energies in worldwide crop formations,' Physiologia Plantarum
2005: Inflation-theory implications for extraterrestrial visitation,
J. British Interplanetary Soc. 58, 43-50. (J. Deardorff, B. Haisch,
B. Maccabee and H.E. Puthoff)